The History

The study of African Americans and World War I is an area of growing scholarly and popular interest. The following resources all address various aspects of this exciting historical subject that are often described by best writing services


Barbeau, Arthur E. and Florette Henri. The Unknown Soldiers: African-American Troops in World War I. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1974, reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1996.

Brown, Nikki. Private Politics And Public Voices: Black Women’s Activism from World War I to the New Deal. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2007.

Daly, Victor. Not Only War: A Story of Two Great Conflicts; with an introduction by David A. Davis. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2010

Ellis, Mark. Race, War and Surveillance Race, War, and Surveillance: African Americans and the United States Government during World War I. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Harris, Bill. The Hellfighters of Harlem: African-American Soldiers Who Fought for the Right to Fight for Their Country. New York: Carroll & Graff Publishers, 2002.

Harris, Stephen L. Harlem’s Hell Fighters: The African-American 369th Infantry in World War I. Washington, DC: Brassey’s, Inc., 2003.

Haynes, Robert V. A Night of Violence: The Houston Riot of 1917. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1976.

Jordan, William G. Black Newspapers and America’s War for Democracy, 1914-1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Keene, Jennifer D. Doughboys, the Great War, and the Remaking of America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001

Keith, Jeanette. Rich Man’s War, Poor Man’s Fight: Race, Class, and Power in the Rural South during the First World War. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2004

Kornweibel, Jr., Theodore. “Investigate Everything”: Federal Efforts to Compel Black Loyalty during World War I. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002).

Kornweibel, Jr., Theodore. “Seeing Red”: Federal Campaigns against Black Militancy, 1919-1925. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998

Kornweibel, Jr., Theodore. No Crystal Stair: Black Life and the Messenger, 1917-1928. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1975

Lewis, David Levering. W. E. B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1993

Lentz-Smith, Adriane. Freedom Struggles: African Americans and World War I. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2009.

Nelson, Peter N. A More Unbending Battle: The Harlem Hellfighters’ Struggle for Freedom in WWI and Equality at Home. New York: Basic Civitas, 2009

Roberts, Frank E. The American Foreign Legion: Black Soldiers of the 93d in World War I. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2004.

Slotkin, Richard. Lost Battalions: The Great War and the Crisis of American Nationality. New York: Henry Holt, 2000

Whalan, Mark. The Great War and the Culture of the New Negro. Gainesville : University Press of Florida, 2008

Primary Sources

Heroes of 1918: Stories from the Lips of Black Fighters. Chicago: O. Walker, 1919

A Pictorial History of the Negro in the Great World War, 1917-1918. New York: Touissant Pictorial Co., Inc., 1919

Arnesen, Eric, ed. Black Protest and the Great Migration: A Brief History with Documents. New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2002.

Bliss, James G. History of the 805th Pioneer Infantry. St. Paul: Privately Published, 1919.

Bullard, Robert Lee. Personalities and Reminiscences of the War. New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1925.

Cade, John B. Twenty-two Months with “Uncle Sam”: Being the Experiences and Observations’ of a Negro Student who Volunteered for Military Service Against the Central Powers from June, 1917 to April, 1919. Robinson-Cofer Co., 1929.

Furr. Arthur and Monroe Mason. The American Negro Soldier with the Red Hand of France. Boston: The Cornhill Company, 1920

Heywood, Chester D. Negro Combat Troops in the World War: The Story of the 371st Infantry. Worcester, Mass.: Commonwealth Press, 1928

Jamieson, J. A., et al. Complete History of the Colored Soldiers in the World War: Authentic Story of the Greatest War of Civilized Times and What the Colored Man Did to Uphold Democracy and Liberty. New York: Bennett & Churchill, 1919.

Johnson, Kathryn M. and Addie W. Hunton. Two Colored Women with the American Expeditionary Forces. Brooklyn: Brooklyn Eagle Press, 1920

Jordan, Walker H. With “Old Eph” in the Army (Not a History): A Simple Treatise on the Human Side of the Colored Soldier. Baltimore: H.E. Houck & Co., 1919

Little, Arthur W. From Harlem to the Rhine: The Story of New York’s Colored Volunteers. New York: Covici, Friede, 1936

Long, Taylor Francis. The Negroes of Clarke County, Georgia, during the Great War. Athens, Ga: 1919

MacGregor, Morris J. and Bernard C. Nalty, eds. Blacks in the United States Armed Forces: Basic Documents, Vol. IV. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1977.

Marshall, Napoleon Bonaparte. The Providential Armistice: A Volunteer’s Story. Washington, D.C.: Liberty League, 1930.

Miller, Kelly. Kelly Miller’s History of the World War for Human Rights. Washington, D.C.: Austin Jenkins Co., 1919

Nalty, Bernard C. and Morris J. MacGregor, eds. Blacks in the Military: Essential Documents. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1981.

Pershing, John J. My Experiences in the World War, Volumes I and II. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company, 1931.

Ross, Warner A. My Colored Battalion. Chicago: W.A. Ross, 1920

Ross, William O. With the 351st in France. Baltimore: The Afro-American Company, 1923.

Scott, Emmett J. Scott’s Official History of the American Negro in the World War. (1919).

Sweeny, Allison A. History of the American Negro in the Great World War. Chicago: Cuneo-Henneberry Co., 1919

Webster, Edgar H. Chums and Brothers: An Interpretation of a Social Group of Our American Citizenry Who Are in the First and Last Analysis “Just Folks.” Boston: Gorham Press, 1922.

Williams, Charles H. Sidelights on Negro Soldiers. Boston: B.J. Brimmer Company, 1923

YWCA, National Board, War Work Council, Colored Work Committee, “The Work of Colored Women.” New York: 1919.

Websites and Internet Resources

Teaching With Documents: Photographs of the 369th Infantry and African Americans during World War I. United States National Archives

Charles Young Papers, Ohio Historical Society

World War I History Commission Questionnaires, Library of Virginia

92nd Division, Summary of Operations, American Battle Monuments Commission

93rd Division, Summary of Operations, American Battle Monuments Commission